As cities such as Bangalore and Chennai expand, periurban growth takes place rapidly without accompanying governance, infrastructure and other services developing at the same rate. Most urgently, there is insufficient planning to address water resources, sanitation and waste management, all important considerations in building resilience towards a changing climate.
The Greater Bangalore Metropolitan or Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagar Palike (BBMP) was created in 2005 and covers an area of 800 sq. km. The erstwhile Bangalore City Corporation (Bangalore Mahanagar Palike-BMP) covered only a third of the present jurisdiction (225 sq. km) before expansion. The expansion of Corporation limits was done by incorporating adjoining rural and urban pockets and dissolving existing governance structures. Importantly, the periurban areas of Bangalore are characterised by opaque institutional jurisdictions. The Bangalore Metropolitan Region (BMR) has rural and urban pockets governed by local bodies at city and village settlement levels while different area development authorities carry out planning.
In this first phase, of what we hope will be a long-term programme, our research will work at the intersection of scholarship and action on climate change, periurban development and regional planning. It will draw upon contributions from climate science, social sciences and water resources management as well as the practical experience of community organisations to understand how climate resilience and sustainability in periurban areas of South Asia could be systematically improved.